Exosomes are small structures within a cell, released by stem cells in response to injuries. Exosomes generally carry healthy and lost information and insert this to target cells. They act as shuttles for genetic information and proteins to other cells. Exosomes allow for cell-to-cell communication; they transport molecules that are important regulators of intracellular information between cells near and far. They carry information from place to place with different functions and purposes telling cells how and when to react.
Any continuous deterioration of cells that affects tissues and/or organs are classified as degenerative disease. Stem cells are typically responsible for the rejuvenation of cells. External factors may hinder the stem cells from completing their function and they may not be able to supply all the information that is needed for healing.
We use exosomes to support the body's healing processes. Supporting the stem cells with external exosomes has a greater positive effect in the process of healing the deteriorated tissue and organs.