We offer saliva testing as a solution to unwanted blood work for determination of hormone levels. Unlike typical blood work, saliva testing in not painful and in performed by collecting patients saliva in a plastic tube for testing. Saliva testing offers an advantage over traditional blood testing because it determines the bioavailable amount of hormones circulating within the patient, this is the amount of hormones that are available to be absorbed into target tissues. Traditional blood work determined the amount of hormones that are in the bloodstream, 95% of hormones in the bloodstream are bound to carrier proteins and not available for tissue absorption. Thus, saliva testing allows for more precise monitoring of hormones available for tissue absorption.